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05.23 Environmentalists Are Ignoring the Elephant In the Room: U.S. Military Is the World’s Largest Polluter [Since Trump had the EPA's records on global warming and pollution destroyed—and thus reporting world-wide has nearly stopped, let's pick on the US Military]

05.23 White House proposes slashing funds to clean up toxic sites despite EPA's pleas [far worse than just being stupid]

05.22 China and India Make Big Strides on Climate Change

05.22 The entire health care industry is panicking that Trump is about to blow up Obamacare

05.22 Air pollution linked to poor sleep, study finds

05.22 Trump's Fox News deputy national security advisor fooled him with climate fake news

05.21 Canada eases steps to open supervised drug injection sites amid opioid crisis

05.21 Canada First Nations reserve bars outsiders amid opioid crisis

05.20 Global Study Shows Americans Dying from Preventable Causes at Shocking Rates [“What a country!” —Yakov Smirnoff]

05.20 China claims breakthrough in mining 'flammable ice' [might greater release of methane to our atmosphere become a larger problem?]

05.20 ETP Spills Two Million Gallons of Drilling Material in Ohio

05.20 Arctic stronghold of world’s seeds flooded after permafrost melts

05.19 How Australia can use hydrogen to export its solar power around the world

05.19 Dirty diesel: why ships are the worst offenders

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05.23 Hiding in plain sight: how the 'alt-right' is weaponizing irony to spread fascism

05.23 More Bernie, less Trump: is this how Democrats will win Montana's special election?

05.23 Trump's budget: major slashes to social programs – but $1.6bn for the wall [disgusting that this was proposed at all]

05.22 Billionaires Lay Siege to State Governments

05.22 A Living Wage: A Human Right for All

05.21 Nurses heckle Democratic leader, threaten legislators over health care [videos]

05.21 The small Texas city fighting to remain a ‘safe haven’ for immigrants [morally right & courageous]

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05.20 WILL ROBERT MUELLER EXPLORE TRUMP’S RUSSIAN BUSINESS TIES?

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05.23 Doughnut Economics – Grab a pencil, draw a doughnut!

05.20 Americans Are Paying $38 to Collect $1 of Student Debt

05.20 The Malta Files: How the smallest EU country became a haven for global tax avoidance [why can't we play nice together?]

International

05.23 Iran's Rouhani denounces US' Middle East ignorance

05.23 Could an Islamic reformation prevent violent radicalisation in Egypt? [denied vital lives enmasse, angry youth rebel in the only way that has any effect]

05.23 Kids on the streets of Kabul get another chance at childhood

05.23 Up to 150 children under five die each day in Aung San Suu Kyi's Myanmar

05.23 At least 22 dead and 50 injured, in suicide bomb attack at Manchester Arena

05.23 Facebook flooded with 'sextortion' and revenge porn, files reveal [wake-up people, don't let kids 'play' here]

05.22 Revealed: Facebook's internal rulebook on sex, terrorism and violence

05.22 Big game hunter is crushed to death when an elephant he was hunting in Zimbabwe is shot and falls on top of him [a fitting death to an elephant killer]

05.22 Tensions rise as Uganda refugee policy is pushed to breaking point

05.22 Outnumbering refugees two to one: how the world ignores war's greatest scandal

05.22 Kashmir conflict shifts with top militant vowing fight is for an Islamic state

05.21 UK needs more immigrants to 'avoid Brexit catastrophe' [who benefits from bad "conservative" policy?]

05.21 THE LIGHTS ARE GOING OUT IN THE MIDDLE EAST [we suggest enticing a solar panel and battery manufacturers to locate in your countries to diversify economies and create jobs. use solar to empower yourselves...]

05.21 Rouhani’s victory is good news for Iran, but bad news for Trump and his Sunni allies

05.21 Budget analysis shows some Australian women hit with effective marginal tax rates of 100% ["conservatives" are cruel to the poor and desperate everywhere, to protect themselves from higher taxes]

05.21 Venezuela: 50th day of protests brings central Caracas to a standstill [who does interventions for countries? could the UN help more?]

05.21 Brexit and the coming food crisis: ‘If you can’t feed a country, you haven’t got a country’ [fear-based nationalism will become a costly problem]

05.21 Massimo Bottura and his global movement to feed the hungry

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  Print view: IRA Sweet Spot Could Lift America
FISCAL ANALYSIS:

IRA Sweet Spot Could Lift America

by Gerald E. Scorse
The boomers’ decades of tax deferral are ending, and decades of minimum required distributions are about to begin.

Congress realizes that Medicare and Social Security lie directly in the path of a demographic tsunami. The first wave of baby boomers has already filed for benefits, and alarm bells are sounding on the Potomac.

But a little-noticed fiscal windfall kicks in just ahead. Starting in 2016, untold tax dollars will come streaming into the Treasury as boomers begin taking minimum required distributions (MRDs) from their retirement accounts. Legislators should speed up the distributions, and dedicate the proceeds to shoring up America’s safety net.

The inflow traces back to the 1974 Congressional act that set up individual retirement accounts (IRAs). Numerous offshoots have been added, such as 401(k)s and 403(b)s, but the essentials remain what they were at the start. Contributions are tax-free and gains are tax-deferred. Withdrawals can begin at age 59½; they must begin at age 70½ and continue every year thereafter. Withdrawals, including capital gains, are taxed at ordinary income rates. (Roth IRAs, which have different rules, don’t figure in here.)

The creation of IRAs was a political tour de force that served high social purpose, made economic sense, and appealed to separate self-interests. Through IRAs, the federal government offered millions of American workers their best chance ever to put away some money for the Golden Years. It was money that would let them live a little, not just get by on Social Security. What the government gave up in tax concessions, it could recoup on the other end: a continuous influx of extra revenue, topping off the glow of having done right by the country.

Corporate America cheered for its own reasons. Companies with defined-benefit pension plans quickly realized that defined-contribution IRAs gave them a less expensive way to offer a substitute benefit. Companies lacking pensions suddenly had a retirement plan as well, and it included the allure of potential stock market riches. Wall Street saw green. IRAs promised millions of new customers, endlessly handing over new money.

Now the boomers’ decades of tax deferral are ending, and decades of MRDs are about to begin. As usual the devil is the details, and the details will pack real punch once the paybacks start. Here are three revenue-generating MRD proposals:

Set an earlier MRD date. There’s no good reason to start MRDs at age 70½. A meaningful start date would be age 65: when Medicare begins, so should the tax deferral payback. Congress acted a generation ago to protect Social Security by raising the retirement age in stages; today’s Congress should act to help preserve Medicare by lowering the MRD start date, in stages, to age 65.

Adjust withdrawal rates. The starting MRD for most IRAs is less than 3.7 percent. Twenty-five years later, at age 95, it’s just 11.6 percent. Congress should set the first-year MRD at 5% and recalibrate the rates going forward. Uncle Sam, generous all along, has strong grounds to accelerate account payouts. This step could be made progressive by keeping the current rates for balances below, say, $250,000.

Abolish “stretch IRAs”. Several-generation transfers, now permitted, can extend MRDs into the next century. Passing along wealth is fine, but tax-sheltered retirement accounts shouldn’t become tax avoidance tools. Set a two-generation limit, or a date-certain limit, after which balances must be distributed and taxes paid.

The beauty of these ideas is that they raise revenue without raising taxes. They’re a stimulus as well: all the revenue comes from putting more income in taxpayer hands sooner. Money would flow in not only from boomer MRDs, but from all accounts taking minimum payouts.

President Obama has often called for shared sacrifice. Few would find it easier than those with retirement accounts who willingly waive withdrawals until required, and then take only what they must.


Gerald E. Scorse helped pass the bill requiring basis reporting for stock market capital gains. He writes articles on taxes.



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This story was published on December 18, 2012.

 

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